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What Does Full-Spectrum CBD Mean?

January 30, 2020

CBD, as well as CBD-infused products, have been gaining traction in the past couple of years, mainly because CBD has been under extensive research for a few years now since the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill. Many people who have a lot of experience with CBD have said that it helped them fight against various symptoms tied to anxiety, insomnia, and even chronic pain. While CBD is not intended to treat or cure any disease or ailment, the research goes on strongly to learn more about it how it can affect people.

However, not all CBD oils are made the same. When shopping for CBD, you’ll probably stumble upon some new terms such as full-spectrum CBD oil, isolate, broad-spectrum, and many more. If you’re struggling to figure out what all of them mean, take a moment to read this somewhat short write-up, and we promise you’ll end up being much more familiar with the nuances of CBD oil by the time you finish reading.

What is Full-Spectrum CBD Oil?

Before we go deeper into the subject, it’s probably a good idea to get familiar with the definition of full-spectrum CBD. 

Like any other spectrum, the CBD spectrum has multiple sides. Full-spectrum CBD is at the beginning of this particular spectrum, meaning it contains a variety of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. On the other side of this spectrum, you can find CBD isolate, which contains pure CBD with no additional terpenes and flavonoids. It’s really pretty simple when you boil it down to the two extremes.

Now that we’ve settled the differences, it’s time to see what makes full-spectrum CBD so often sought-after.

What Does Full-Spectrum Mean?

What Does Full-Spectrum Mean

The best and cleanest way to make CBD is using a process called supercritical O2 extraction in order to draw out the compounds from the hemp plant. Once this process is finished, the product contains most, if not all the cannabinoids that a hemp plant has to offer. Other methods like ethanol extraction are also often used.

Other products that contain CBD isolate rather than full-spectrum CBD oil tend to go through multiple levels of filtration and further separation. This is usually done to filter out all the other cannabinoids from the hemp except CBD. 

Here are some of the most notable cannabinoids you can find in full-spectrum CBD oil:

  • Cannabigerol (CBG)
  • Cannabidiol (CBD)
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)
  • Cannabichromene (CBC)

Cannabigerol is one of the essential compounds, and it is believed that it may have some health benefits. CBG is usually found in quantities of less than 3% in full-spectrum oils.

Cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, and it’s the top sought-after cannabinoid due to its alleged benefits. Needless to say, no CBD oil is complete without cannabidiol.

Tetrahydrocannabivarin is a compound that can be found in extremely small quantities in full-spectrum products but is nonetheless an important part of the whole equation. 

Cannabichromene is among the most abundant cannabinoids that can be found in the cannabis plant, but you’ll usually find only small amounts of CBC in full-spectrum oils. 

Many people are worried about THC levels in CBD oil, which is the second-most abundant compound that can be found in the marijuana plant. As you may know, THC is a psychoactive compound, and it is the reason why one gets high when using marijuana. Naturally, people who want to stay highly functional throughout the day also want to avoid products that contain THC. If you’re struggling with a similar dilemma, bear in mind that any reputable manufacturer will ensure that all full-spectrum oils contain less than 0.3% THC. So, as long as you purchase your CBD from reputable sources, there is no need to worry about THC levels. Furthermore, in reality, the levels of THC in most oils and topicals is much lower than 0.3%, for example, on the order of 0.03% (add a zero in there!).

The Difference Between Full-Spectrum and Isolate

The thing you should keep in the back of your mind is that isolates are pure cannabidiols that come in powder or crystalline forms and contain nothing other than 99% CBD. Another rather confusing term is Broad Spectrum CBD. Broad-spectrum CBD is THC free (0% THC) but contains some of the terpenes and flavonoids. The main question is – how does this differ from full-spectrum products? 

According to an article published back in 2011, cannabinoids work best in synergy with each other. This means they work much better together than as isolates, which is why a new term was coined – the Entourage Effect. At Peak City CBD, we love the Entourage Effect and believe in its efficacy.

Many people prefer full-spectrum products because of the aforementioned Entourage Effect. With multiple cannabinoids working together, one has much better chances to experience the potential benefits of the full-spectrum concept. 

On the other hand, isolates also have a few advantages. For example, people who work in environments that require frequent and random drug testing tend to favor isolates because they contain no THC whatsoever, whereas full-spectrum products can contain up to 0.3% THC. When it comes to finding the better of these two solutions, it all comes down to your personal preferences and thinking about what kind of effect would you want to achieve.

The Benefits of Full-Spectrum CBD Oil

The Benefits of Full-Spectrum CBD Oil

Before we touch on the benefits of CBD, it’s critical to mention that CBD is still undergoing research and that a large portion of CBD products still have not been FDA approved. In simpler terms, while there are many people currently researching the benefits of CBD, its advantages are still in the realm of anecdotal evidence and yet-to-be audited studies. However, one cannot refute the results that many people are getting from taking CBD – the results are REAL!

With that being said, a lot of people who had or have experience with full-spectrum CBD mainly have a positive opinion as far as the effects go. Athletes and elderly are groups of people who find CBD quite beneficial and a great addition to their daily routine. CBD might have the potential to help you battle against symptoms. It’s important to point out that CBD is NOT intended to diagnose or cure any disease, but alleviate some of the accompanying nuisances of certain conditions such as anxiety or chronic pain.

It’s Not as Intimidating as it Sounds    

While many people have an irrational fear of dealing with CBD, the terminology, and its effects, it’s really not something you should be intimidated about. As soon as you wrap your head around certain terms, the concept of CBD, and as soon as you figure out what you should be looking for, everything will seem much more simple and straightforward. 

The concept of full-spectrum products is pretty simple – they are products that contain a variety of terpenes and cannabinoids rather than being a specific isolate of a single compound. As we’ve mentioned, due to the entourage effect, many people prefer full-spectrum products in lieu of isolates. 

The choice between isolates and full-spectrum is a purely personal one. If you’d like to take your chances with the entourage effect, try full-spectrum products. On the other hand, if you’re looking to treat your symptoms with a specific compound, opt for isolates.  

If you would like to know more about CBD, marijuana, THC, vaping, edibles, and other closely-related subjects, read our other articles. We strive to bring these subjects closer to our reader so that you can have a better idea of how CBD works, and why you should consider including it into your daily routine.

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